Electronic Communication Across the Curriculum (ECAC)
Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) ECAC Home
Donna Reiss
Active Learning Online

WAC-CAC-ECAC Definitions

(adapted from Electronic Communication Across the Curriculum,
ed. Donna Reiss, Dickie Selfe, and Art Young, NCTE, 1998)

WAC Writing Across the Curriculum. An educational movement that views writing at the center of the academic experience in all disciplines. Writing is used as a tool for learning (writing to learn) as well as for communication (learning to write or writing to communicate). Two basic positions sustain WAC programs: (1) writing helps students learn disciplinary content, and (2) writing is integrally linked to the field in which one writes. Therefore, writing should be a component in all college classes, rather than isolated to composition courses in English departments.
CAC Communication Across the Curriculum. An expansion of the writing-across-the-curriculum movement that broadens the focus from written communication to all other forms of communication, including oral and visual. Although writing continues to be viewed as central to teaching and learning, it is joined in an interactive social process with other forms of communication to promote critical thinking, collaboration, and problem-solving within and across disciplines.
ECAC Electronic Communication Across the Curriculum. A term coined by Donna Reiss, Dickie Selfe, and Art Young to highlight the evolving intersections between the communication across the curriculum movement and new information technologies. ECAC recognizes that email, synchronous and asynchronous conferencing, multimedia, and the World Wide Web offer new modes of communication to construct and enhance learning within and across disciplines. With ECAC, Computer-mediated Communication (CMC) meets WAC/CAC.
WID Writing in the Disciplines. A term that emphasizes writing as practiced by a particular academic discipline or discourse community. For example, students in engineering classes learn to write in the language and style of professional engineers, and students in science classes learn to write like scientists. Often this approach is emphasized in upper-division courses and courses for majors.
WIC Writing-Intensive Courses. Many colleges identify and require certain courses or classes as writing-intensive or communication-intensive to ensure that students practice writing and other forms of communication throughout their academic experiences. Such classes may incorporate WAC-CAC and WID.
WTL Writing to Learn. Although distinctions between "writing to learn" and "learning to write" ("writing to communicate") are sometimes difficult to identify, the former focuses on ungraded work designed to stimulate creative and critical thinking, active and interactive learning, awareness of language, and fluency.

more definitions at WAC-Key | ECAC Home | Active Learning Online - for educational purposes only
developed ©copyright 1996 by D. Reiss
modified and ©copyright 19 February 2005 by D. Reiss