First, read the Documentation Guide: Introduction with
its Five Factors for Accurate Academic Documentation.
Even though the MLA Style specifies underlining for italics, I require italics for word processed work and Web pages. On Web pages, only hyperlinks should be underlined.
[Note: In a typed or word processed
paper, the alphabetical list of Works Cited must
begin on a new page at the end of the essay or report; each entry
must be double-spaced
with no additional space between entries; and each entry
must be formatted as a hanging indent with a period at the end
of the entry. Use the Help files of your software to set up the
hanging indent. See Tips and Shortcuts for directions and examples.]
Books, Brochures, and
- one author, no editor, first edition and subsequent edition
Jones, Pat. Early Instruction. New York:
Random House, 1973.
Dietsch, Betty Mattix. Reasoning and Writing Well: A Rhetoric, Research Guide, Reader, and Handbook. 2nd ed. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield, 2000.
- same author as in previous entryalphabetized
by title of worknote the edition information
---. Teaching Science in Elementary
School. 3rd ed. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP,
- reprint of article or excerpt from work originally published elsewhere, republished
in a multivolume work
Gordon, Kelly. "Rethinking the Serial
Comma." College English 35.2 (Summer 1987):
97-124. In Vol. 3 of Punctuation and the Successful
Small Business. Ed. Jordan P. McElroy. Chicago: New
Lake P, 1989. 237-255.
O'Leary, Sean. Faulkner's Favorite Females: A Study
of the Women in the Major Novels. New York: Knopf,
1992. Excerpted and reprinted in Vol. 27 of Contemporary
Literary Criticism. Ed. Kelly Snopes. Detroit:
Gale, 1994. 187-199.
- chapter within a collection or anthologynote
the use of "et al." to indicate more than three
authors; note also the editor's name and inclusive page numbers
for the chapter
Shirk, Bethany. "Automobile Stereo Speakers: Turn Them
Down." Reasoning and Writing Well: A Rhetoric, Research
Guide, Reader, and Handbook. 2nd ed. Ed. Betty Mattix
Dietsch. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield, 2000. 303-306.
Overton, Alex, et al. "Stalking the
Suspended Hyphen." Punctuation Problems for the
Modern Researcher. Ed. Harriett Witherspoon. Dallas:
U of Texas P, 1989. 412-473.
Articles in Periodicals:
Magazines, Journals, Newspapers, Newsletters
- unsigned newspaper articlenever use "anonymous" or "untitled";
instead, alphabetize by the title of the source
"School Discipline." New
York Times 12 Jan. 1981: B17.
- article in a journalnote the volume number
in arabic numerals, the date in parentheses
Smith, Sammy. "Types of Errors
in Student Essays." The Journal of Student
Writing 44 (Spring 1972): 17-25.
- unsigned article in a popular periodical, a magazinenote
that in the absence of an author, the source is alphabetized
"Suspensions at School." Parents
Magazine February 1981: 21-34+.
- magazine article
Williams, Shannon. "An Incident
to Remember." Memory Magazine 15 July
See Modern Language Association
(MLA) > MLA Style > Frequently Asked Questions.
Give particular attention to the section "How do I document
sources from the World Wide Web in my works-cited list?" Variation: MLA
uses underlines but I prefer italics for
main titles. The basic pattern is to use the print form to
cite the work and then add online information.
- electronic reprinting or digitized version of a print
newspaper, magazine, journal article, or other source - includes
publication date, date
in < angle brackets >
Aureviens, Jean. "The Roots of
Roethke's Poetry." Poet-Tree
On Line 4 (1995): 227-235. 17 Nov. 1996. < http://www.poet-tree.edu/111096/root.htm >.
- electronic reprint or digitized newspaper, magazine,
journal article or other source from a library database
- includes publication date, date you accessed site, and
URL (Web address) in < angle brackets > as well as
the name and location of the library
Walzer, Philip. "Virginia Colleges Are Suffering, Study Says;
Uneven Support from the State Faulted for Range of Recent Woes."
The Virginian-Pilot 22 May 2003. LexisNexis. Tidewater
Community College Library Online Resources, Virginia Beach,
VA. 11 Nov. 2003 < http://80-web.lexis-nexis.com.ezproxy.vccs.edu >.
- posting to a threaded Web discussion board, email discussion
list, or personal email - includes date posted and date
you accessed it
Smart, Pat. "Characterization." Online posting.
27 Oct. 2000. Blackboard Discussion Board Poetry Project Forum,
English 214, Clemson University. 3 Dec. 2004.
Wise, Chris. "Re: Posting about Poetry and Technology." Email
to author. 12 May 2000.
- authored section within a scholarly project on the Web
- includes publication date, date you accessed site, and URL
(Web address) in < angle brackets >
Stuart, John W,. and David Donavel. "Hawthorne and
Ideas of Good and Evil: Introduction." Hawthorne
In Salem n.d. North Shore Community College. 29 January
2003 < http://www.hawthorneinsalem.org/ > .
Visual Images and Media
- Painting, photo, other work of visual art or media - includes name of painter/photographer/artist, name of artwork, date, museum or gallery and location, date viewed/accessed (if a Website, include full details).
“Night Café” painting by Vincent van Gogh from the Web Museum-Paris. 1 Jan. 2006 < http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/gogh/gogh.the-night-cafe.jpg >.
Personal work (author here would be you, or if a friend, use their name - includes brief description of subject, location, medium by author, date taken/composed/completed.
Littlejohn Colisseum by moonlight, Clemson, South Carolina. Watercolor by author. May 12, 2000.
Clipart software on disc or online
Heron image from Microsoft Office 2003 Clipart Collection.
Heron image from Zillions of Free Images 20 Nov. 2005.< http://zillionpix.com > .
A separate page of Acknowledgments may be included at the end of any paper to recognize resources that assisted you but are not listed elsewhere, for example, a librarian or relative or classmates who helped you develop ideas or resources or who reviewed a draft for you. Acknowledgments traditionally appear in paragraph format rather than lists. If your paper has a Works Cited, include the Acknowledgments page afterwards.
Documentation Guide: Introduction
| In-text Citations | Writing
Resources and Guides
for educational purposes only
developed and copyright ©1998 by D. Reiss
modified and copyright ©8 May 2006 by D. Reiss